Saturday, July 13, 2024
Gohartepe Museum

One of the large prehistoric sites in northern Iran is located in Mazandaran province, Behshahr city, 2 km northwest of Rostamkola city or 30 km from Sari-Behshahr road. The people who lived in the ancient caves of Mazandaran, such as Gamishan Cave, Hoto Cave, and Belt Cave, after leaving the cave gradually created Gohartepe, this hill is man-made. That is, with the passage of time, the settled people have come to higher places with the destruction of the previous places. In the Neolithic age, it was a village life, and in the Bronze and Bronze ages, it was noticed and became an urban life. Probably until the Middle Bronze Age, the residential space and the burial place were in the same place. However, in the Late Bronze Age (4000 years ago), the size of the city was reduced and the cemetery was moved outside the residential area. Between the Bronze and Iron Age, this area was deserted for about 200 years, and in the Iron Age, they moved the cemetery outside the residential area and chose a place with a slope so as not to witness the intrusion of water. After the collapse of the city and moving to the mountainous areas, the relatives of this area carried the bodies of their ancestors to Gohar Tepe for burial in their hometown and buried them with rituals in this area.